How Weight Loss Surgery Remedies Your Type 2 Diabetes

Living with Type 2 diabetes significantly increases your chances of developing serious health complications, such as heart pr

Living with Type 2 diabetes significantly increases your chances of developing serious health complications, such as heart problems, vision issues, and nerve or kidney damage. Fortunately, there are ways to reverse this disease and protect your long-term health.

Type 2 diabetes can develop due to a number of causes, with obesity being a primary one. Being obese can lead to insulin resistance, which basically means your body doesn’t correctly process — or make enough — insulin. Insulin helps regulate your blood sugar levels, and if you develop insulin resistance, your blood sugar levels can get too high. 

In many cases, you can manage Type 2 diabetes by maintaining a healthy weight and eating a healthy diet. Chad Carlton, MD, offers a wide range of surgical weight-loss solutions at LoneStar Bariatrics.

When to consider surgery for weight loss

There are several reasons to consider surgical treatments, including:

Types of surgical procedures

Dr. Carlton offers three minimally invasive bariatric procedures: gastric sleeve, gastric bypass, and duodenal switch. These techniques use different methods to help you reach your weight-loss goals. 

Gastric sleeve

This type of bariatric surgery involves removing a portion of your stomach to significantly reduce the amount of food you can eat. 

After creating 5 tiny incisions in your upper abdomen, Dr. Carlton inserts a long, flexible device known as a bougie. Using a camera for guidance, he removes approximately three-quarters of your stomach. The remaining portion of stomach resembles a narrow tube — or sleeve. By shrinking the size of your stomach, you’ll be fuller sooner and you’ll eat less. 

This procedure usually takes approximately one hour and in most cases, patients can go home the same day.

Gastric bypass

A gastric bypass involves two important and separate steps.  Step 1 volume reduction step. Laparoscopically, your stomach is stapled thus reducing the stomach size.  Your new stomach size is similar to that of an egg. Step 2, a malabsorptive step. We then attach your new stomach to the mid-portion of your small intestine.   Bypassing a portion of your small intestine provides the benefit of having reduced calorie absorption. The food you consume is reduced in addition to the total calories.

First, Dr. Carlton makes an incision across the top portion of your stomach to create a new, smaller section, or pouch. Your stomach is divided but not removed.  The bottom divided portion is no longer participates in digestion. This new pouch will only hold approximately one ounce of food, whereas a normal stomach can hold up to three pints. 

The next step of your gastric bypass involves connecting your new stomach pouch to the lower part of your small intestine. This causes the food you eat to move through your pouch and skip a significant part of your small intestine. As a result, you eat smaller amounts of food and also absorb fewer calories and nutrients, which leads to weight loss.

This procedure typically takes 90 minutes and requires an overnight hospital stay.

Duodenal switch 

This bariatric procedure is one of the most complex solutions available, but it provides highly effective results for weight loss. It involves combining gastric sleeve and gastric bypass surgery.

During this procedure, Dr. Carlton removes up to 80% of your stomach, leaving a portion behind that resembles a banana. Then, he reattaches your new, smaller stomach to the lower part of your small intestine. Similar to a gastric bypass, this step reduces the amount of calories and nutrients you absorb by skipping the part of your intestine that breaks down fat and protein. That means this surgical approach for weight loss not only reduces the amount of food you need to eat to feel full, but it also changes how your body digests what you consume.

When you have duodenal switch surgery, it’s possible to lose 60-80% of your excess body weight within two years. This procedure often takes two hours and requires an overnight stay in the hospital.

To learn more about surgical weight-loss solutions, book an appointment online or over the phone with LoneStar Bariatrics today.

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